Trovecy refers to “Treasure Trove Prophecy”. Topographical trovecy is the combining of topographical anomalies such as rock formations, very old trees, unique land formations or properties with the mindset of the treasure hider to figure out where such treasure is hidden. Also included in this combination are the relative proximity to settlements and travel routes.
Researchers have come up with a theory as to how to find treasure based on these topographical elements. They assign values to several different points, such as the catastrophic event that leads to the original hiding of the treasure, location, landmarks, etc. The process of deciding where to hide the treasure is known as the psychology of hiders.
An example of this is as follows, you have a treasure and there is a war coming, you want to hide said treasure to keep it safe for your family. First, how close to the settlement or town you live in would be too close. You also would not want to bury anything too close to travel lanes, as this would likely be spotted by others. Water is another obstacle that could cause your location to become problematic, so you need to look close enough to use it as a reference point, but not so close that if say a river floods, it will wash out the treasure. Once you find your ideal location, then you need to make sure there are natural landmarks that you can reference if the time comes that you need to write or tell someone where it is located. Natural rock formations are ideal for this, as they are most likely not going to change.
With the urbanization of civilization, the topography formula has evolved to the point of using man-made structures as landmarks as well.
Picture shows formular by a german archaeologist: Probability of discovery = disaster (1) + homogeneous topography (1) + optimal traffic situation (1) + natural marker (1) + settlement proximity (1) + literary references (2)